There are 3 main groups of religions, i.e.
1) Abrahamic religions, e.g., Judaism, Christianity, Islam
2) Dharmic religions, e.g., Buddhism, Hinduism
3) Far Eastern religions, e.g., Taoism, Confucianism, Shinto

Abrahamic religions

2165 BC - ABRAM is born
2079 BC - ISHMAEL is born to ABRAM & HAGAR
2066 BC - ABRAM changed name to ABRAHAM
2065 BC - ISAAC is born to ABRAHAM & SARAH
1525 BC - MOSES is born

Judaism

It is the religion of the Jewish people. The holy book is Tanakh. Tanakh has 3 traditional subdivisions:
1) Torah (Teaching @ the Five Books of Moses)
2) Nevi'im (Prophets)
3) Ketuvim (Writings)

The secondary text is Talmud. There are 2 components:
1) Mishnah (200 CE)
2) Gemara (500 CE)

Christianity

The 3 main dominations are:
1) Roman Catholicism
2) Eastern Christianity
3) Protestantism

The holy book is Bible. It has 2 parts:
1) Old Testament
2) New Testament

There are 46 books in the Roman Catholic Old Testament & 39 books in Protestant Old Testament.

The 46 books

  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy
  6. Joshua
  7. Judges
  8. Ruth
  9. 1 Samuel
  10. 2 Samuel
  11. 1 Kings
  12. 2 Kings
  13. 1 Chronicles
  14. 2 Chronicles
  15. Ezra
  16. Nehemiah
  17. Tobit
  18. Judith
  19. Esther
  20. 1 Maccabees
  21. 2 Maccabees
  22. Job
  23. Psalms
  24. Proverbs
  25. Ecclesiastes
  26. Song of Songs (Song of Solomon)
  27. Wisdom of Solomon
  28. Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
  29. Isaiah
  30. Jeremiah
  31. Lamentations
  32. Baruch
  33. Ezekiel
  34. Daniel
  35. Hosea
  36. Joel
  37. Amos
  38. Obadiah
  39. Jonah
  40. Micah
  41. Nahum
  42. Habakkuk
  43. Zephaniah
  44. Haggai
  45. Zecariah
  46. Malachi

The 39 books

  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy
  6. Joshua
  7. Judges
  8. Ruth
  9. 1 Samuel
  10. 2 Samuel
  11. 1 Kings
  12. 2 Kings
  13. 1 Chronicles
  14. 2 Chronicles
  15. Ezra
  16. Nehemiah
  17. Esther
  18. Job
  19. Psalms
  20. Proverbs
  21. Ecclesiastes
  22. Song of Solomon
  23. Isaiah
  24. Jeremiah
  25. Lamentations
  26. Ezekiel
  27. Daniel
  28. Hosea
  29. Joel
  30. Amos
  31. Obadiah
  32. Jonah
  33. Micah
  34. Nahum
  35. Habakkuk
  36. Zephaniah
  37. Haggai
  38. Zecariah
  39. Malachi


There are 27 books in the New Testament:

Gospels
01) Matthew
02) Mark
03) Luke
04) John
Historical
05) The Acts
Letters
06) Romans
07) 1. Corinthians
08) 2. Corinthians
09) Galatians
10) Ephesians
11) Philippians
12) Colossians
13) 1. Thessalonians
14) 2. Thessalonians
15) 1. Timothy
16) 2. Timothy
17) Titus
18) Philemon
19) Hebrews
20) James
21) 1. Peter
22) 2. Peter
23) 1. John
24) 2. John
25) 3. John
26) Jude
Prophetic Work
27) Revelation

Islam

The 3 main dominations are:
1) Sunni
2) Shi'a
3) Sufi

The Sunni can be subdivided into:
1) Hanafi
2) Hanbali
3) Maliki
4) Shafi'i

The holy book is Quran. It has 114 chapters.

The secondary texts are:
1) Sunnah = code of practise
2) Hadith = sayings & doings of Prophet
3) Nahj al Balaghe = sayings & doings of Hazrat Ali

Buddhism

The 2 main dominations are:
1) Mahayana
2) Theravada

Mahayana is based on Sanskrit texts originated from northern India. It spreads to Korea, Vietnam, Japan, etc. In contrast, Theravada is based on Pali texts originated from India & Sri Lanka. It spreads to Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, etc.

Mahayana believes that Theravada has over-emphasized on own salvation. Thus, Mahayana labels Theravada as Hinayana. Mahayana means big vehicle, whilst Hinayana means small vehicle.

The main differences between Mahayana & Theravada is that, Mahayana believes Buddhahood is the highest attainable state, whilst Theravada believes Arahantship is the highest attainable state.

Tantrayana @ Vajrayana branches out from Mahayana.

The list of 28 + 1 buddhas:
01 Tanhankara
02 Medhankara
03 Saranankara
04 Dipankara
05 Kondanna
06 Managala
07 Sumana
08 Revata
09 Sobhita
10 Anomadassi
11 Paduma
12 Narada
13 Padumuttara
14 Sumedha
15 Sujata
16 Piyadassi
17 Atthadassi
18 Dhammadassi
19 Siddhatta
20 Tissa
21 Phussa
22 Vipassi
23 Vessabhu
24 Sikhi
25 Kakusandha
26 Konagamana
27 Kassapa
28 Gotama
29 Maitreya

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